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"Milestones & Mentors" of Indian Internet


This section gives you a glimpse of the Important Milestones and the people who played a significant role in shaping the Indian Internet Industry.

S.No Year Contribution / Event Organization Name Profile
1. 1988 - 2009 National Association of Software and Service Companies (Nasscom) - Facilitate business and trade in software and services and to encourage advancement of research in software technology Leading Names in NASSCOM Mr. Kiran Karnik & Mr. Som Mittal Mr. Kiran Karnik, Former President, NASSCOM, till 2008. In this role – Mr. Karnik worked closely with the industry, and the Indian Central & State governments to formulate policies and strategies for the advancement of this sector locally as well as internationally. Kiran Karnik has been recognized as the guiding force for the Indian IT industry during the outsourcing backlash. By providing perspective and background information, Mr. Karnik has been instrumental in promoting India’s technology strength to the world.
Mr. Som Mittal is a current President of NASSCOM, the premier trade body and the “Chamber of Commerce” for the IT – BPO industry in India. In this role, he is responsible for representing the Indian IT – BPO software and services industry to multiple stakeholders. His key responsibility areas include enhancing India's leadership position in the global offshore IT-BPO and work towards further growing the market by enabling industry to tap into emerging opportunity areas and to strengthen the domestic market in India.
2. Cyber Law experts Mr. Vivek Sood, Ms. Meenakshi Arora, Mr. Pawan Duggal, Mr. Ramji Srinivasan, Mr. Gopal Jain, Mr. Manjul Bajpal, Mr. Meeth Malhotra, Mr. Praveen Anand
3. 1975 - 2009 National Informatics Centre (NIC) of the Department of Information Technology is providing network backbone and e-Governance support to Central Government. Director General, National Informatics Centre 1st Chairman - Mr. G. K. Menon, Dr. N. Seshagiri, Dr. N. Vijayaditya, Dr. B. K. Gairola National Informatics Centre (NIC) of the Department of Information Technology is providing network backbone and e-Governance support to Central Government, State Governments, UT Administrations, Districts and other Government bodies. It offers a wide range of ICT services including Nationwide Communication Network for decentralised planning, improvement in Government services and wider transparency of national and local Governments. NIC assists in implementing Information Technology Projects, in close collaboration with Central and State Governments, in the areas of (a) Centrally sponsored schemes and Central sector schemes, (b) State sector and State sponsored projects, and (c) District Administration sponsored projects. NIC endeavors to ensure that the latest technology in all areas of IT is available to its users. Dr. B.K.Gairola, Director General of NIC, was responsible for conceiving, designing and implementing various large IT based projects for GOI with large citizen interfaces. He also shouldered the responsibility of implementation of Computer Integrated Manufacture and Utility Mapping Projects with External (bilateral) funding in NIC. He not only provides IT Consultancy to various Govt. Institutions in the country but also outside India, for UNDP Project - ICT for Development.
4. October, 2004 The specialized Industry body in India representing the interests of online and mobile value added services industry Chairman of the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) Chairman - Mr.Shailesh Rao, Vice Chairman - Mr.Ambareesh Murty, & Treasurer and Head of Finance Mr.Sanjay Aggarwal President - Dr. Subho Ray Mr.Shailesh Rao, of Google India, is Chairman for the year 2009-010.
Sanjay Agarwal, Sanjay Aggarwal, General Manager (Operations) has joined the E-ticketing project of Indian Railways and in 4 years has been able to increase the volume by more than 30 times. Apart from time during his tenure, E-Ticketing was extended to all trains and Tatkal bookings, Scheme for Frequent Travellers (SOFT) & Mumbai Suburban Season Ticketing (MSST) were launched.
Special contribution is towards containing the Chargebacks (Frauds) which is biggest issue in today's online world.
5. October, 2004 Broadband policy announced Minister of Communication & Information Technology Department of Telecom Broadband Policy 2004 announced with a view to provide impetus to broadband and Internet penetration in the country.
6. 27-Oct 04 India on CONNECT Mr. Shashi Kant Sharma ; Mr. J Satyanarayana IAS, CEO Mr. Shashi Kant Sharma, an IAS oficer of the 1976 batch (Bihar cadre), has taken over as the new Secretary, DIT. He was until now the Director General (Acquisition) in the Ministry of Defence Mr. J. Satyanarayana, is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of National Institute for Smart Government (NISG), Hyderabad. He is responsible for shaping the Institute as a Centre of Excellence in e-Governance at the national level, especially in the areas of architectural standards and capacity building for e-governance.
7. Begining 2005 .in Domain Relaunching of .IN Internet Domain Registry Joint Secratry DIT, Dr.Govind, Mr.Pankaj Agrawala
8. Leading Portals/Internet names in India Heads Leading Portals/Internet names in India- Yahoo, Google, India Times, MSN, Hot Mail, Map My India, Sify.com, Nakuri.com, Times job, Bharat Matrimoni, IRCTC, Make my trip, Yatra, ebay & Content Provider - On Mobile - Infosys Sister concern Portal - Mr. Pranesh Anthapur, Mr. Shailesh Rao, Mr. R Sundar, Mr. Ravi Venkatesan, Mr. Jaspreet Bindra, Mr. Rakesh Verma, Mr. Venkata Rao, Mr. Sanjeev Bikhchandani, Mr. Murugavel Janakiraman, Mr. Sanjay Aggarwal, Mr. Dhruv Shringhi, Mr. Ambareesh Murty, Mr. Arvind Rao & Mr. Dinesh Wadhawan
9. TeNeT - a coalition of 14 faculty from the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science & Engineering Departments of IIT-Madras Head TeNeT Dr. Ashok Jhunjhunwala Dr. Jhunjhunwala leads the Telecommunications and Computer Networks group (TeNeT) at IIT Madras. This group is closely working with industry in the development of a number of Telecommunications and Computer Network Systems. He is also member of Prime Minister's Setup of Scientific Advisory Committee.
10. Self Regulatory Organisation (SRO) Chairman Mr. Shyamal Ghosh Mr. Shyamal Ghosh, the Chairman of a new Self Regulatory Organisation (SRO), set up by Indian software body Nasscom promotes and enforces data privacy and protection standards for the country's IT industry. Mr. Ghosh was earlier the Chairman of Telecom Commission (2000-2002) and was the first Administrator of the Universal Service Obligation Fund and initiated the process to provide connectivity to all villages.
11. Leading Internet/Telecom Professionals Mr. Virat Bhatia, Dr. Mahesh Uppal, Lt Col. H. S. Bedi, Mr. Deepak Maheshwari, Dr. DPS Seth, Mr.Umang Das Mr. Virat Bhatia, MD, AT&T has been closely involved with the drafting of NTP 1999, TRAI acts and telecom legislations.He is the current Vice Chairman of AMCHAM, serves in the National Executive Chairman of FICCI and also chairs the Committee on Communications & Digital Economy 2008-09.
Dr. Mahesh Uppal, Director of Com First (I) Pvt.Ltd. is a Telecom Consultant and consults on regulatory issues in telecom.He contributed extensively in creation of TRAI and has been actively involved since the formative years of Telecom regulations.
Mr. Deepak Maheshwari, Director Corporate Affairs, Microsoft was earlier the Secretary of ISPAI. He is an expert on policy and regulation pertaining to telecom, and has been closely involved in the formation of ISP policy and other internet related matters.
Lt Col. H.S. Bedi is MD of Tulip Ltd., one of Leading ISP
12. 1-Nov 02 Computer awareness to every family of India drives… NGO Akshaya Net Mr. R. Vibhudevan Nair On 18th November 2002, H.E. the former President of India, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, launched Akshaya - an initiative powerful enough to transform the lives of 65 lakhs in the state. Under this project, one person from every family in Kerala will be familiarized with the basic use of computer and empowered to access innumerable services that Information and Communication Technology offers. Akshaya is a social and economic catalyst focusing on the various facets of e-learning, e-transaction, e-governance, information and communication.
13. 9-Sep 02 Set-up of National Internet Exchange NIXI CEO - Mr. N Ravi Shanker, previously Add CEO - Mr. Rajesh Aggarwal. Directors - Dr. Omkar Rai, Mr.Rajesh Chharia, Mr.Sharad Sanghi, Mr. Naresh Ajwani, Mr. Ashok Jhunjhunuwala, Mr. George Varghese, Mr. Neeraj Sonkar, Mr. Anil Jain, Mr. Amitabh Singhal & Mr. Jasjit Sawhney Mr.N Ravi Shankar is CEO NIXI & Joint Secretary of DIT, besides being an active member involved in IGF 2008, Hyderabad. Also, a representative of GAC in ICCAN. He is also an ardent advocate of Universal Accessibility and Internet for all.Under his able guidance, DIT is supporting technology development of components and authoring tools and also content development in new areas e.g. cyber security, teacher training Mr. Rajesh Aggarwal, erstwhile Add CEO, established 3 new NIXI NOC's in cities like Bangalore, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad and also, working for upcoming NOC'S in Mohali and Lucknow. Launched an online course with collaboration with NIIT on IPv6 Diplo course (IG). Under their leadership .IN Domain names have crossed half million mark.
14. 1-Oct 00 (Became a Corporation) BSNL Chairman & Managing Director of BSNL 1st Chairman - Dr. D.P.S. Seth, Mr. Prithipal Singh, Mr. V.P. Sinha, Mr. A.K. Sinha & Currently - Mr. Kuldeep Goyal Mr. Kuldeep Goyal, Chairman & Managing Director of BSNL, has a vast experience in telecom sector viz. planning, installation, operation and maintenance of wirelines and wireless services, data services, computerization of various activities in telecom network and provision of value added services. He was also a Member of National Working Group of ITU-T Study Group 2 on operational aspect of service, provision and performance of telecom networks.
15. 22-Jun 05 Digital Signature Controller of certifying authority 1st CCA - Mr. K.N. Gupta & Currently – Dr. N. Vijayaditya Dr. N. Vijayaditya has a Masters Degree in Computer Science and a Ph.D in Information Systems from the University of North Carolina. He has done research in Pattern Recognition, Graph Theory, Information Systems and Networks. He has been a member of several Technical Advisory Groups and also of committees constituted by the Central and State Governments. He was Director-General, National Informatics Centre, Government of India.
16. July 2006 onwards Reform & Development in IT Secretary Mr. R. Chandrasekhar While he led the ambitious National eGovernance Plan with the objective of making all Government services accessible to the common man in his locality through common service delivery outlets and ensure efficiency, transparency and reliability of such services at affordable costs to realize the basic needs of the common man. In May 2008 he alongwith than secretary, Jainder Singh has launched the Faculty Updation Programme of C-DAC, which provides a unique opportunity for the faculty of various engineering colleges to have exposure to the rich research and development (R&D) experience of C-DAC.
17. March, 1999 NTP 1999 announced Govt. of India Govt. of India Objective of NTP 99 - Availability of affordable and effective communication for the citizens is at the core of the vision and goal of the telecom policy. It strives to provide a balance between the provision of universal service to all uncovered areas, including the rural areas, and the provision of high-level services capable of meeting the needs of the country’s economy; Strengthen research and development efforts in the country and provide an impetus to build world-class manufacturing capabilities.
18. 1-Jun 00 1st initiative to induce & to take internet to rural India ITC e-choupal Mr. Abhijit Roy & Mr. S. Shivkumar Mr. S. Sivakumar, CEO of ITC, is well known for his pioneering work -- ‘E-Choupal’. Launched in 2000, e-Choupal (www.eChaupal.com) has become the largest Internet-based initiative in rural India that reaches out to more than 3.5 million farmers in over 31,000 villages through 5200 kiosks. ITC ‘e-Choupal’ unshackles the potential of Indian farmer who has been trapped in a vicious cycle of low risk taking ability - low investment - low productivity - weak market orientation - low value addition - low margin - low risk taking ability. This made him and Indian agribusiness sector globally uncompetitive, despite rich & abundant natural resources.
19. 27-Aug -10 1st Indian to be re-elected into the NRO - Number Council NRO - Number Council Mr. Naresh Ajwani Mr. Naresh Ajwani is also a member of the CII’s National Committee on IT, ITES, eCommerce & FICCI’s Committee on Commerce & Digital Economy. Besides, he is one of the Directors of the NIXI Board, since Sept.’2007. He is also the President of CCAOI.
20. 22-Nov 98 India's 1st Private ISP Sify Technologies Ltd. 1st MD & CEO - Mr. R Ramaraj & Currently - Mr. Raju Vegesna Mr. R. Ramaraj, was the Co-Founder and CEO of Sify Limited, the pioneer and leader in Internet, Networking and eCommerce Services in India. Prior to co-founding Sify, Ramaraj was in management roles with Microland and Sterling Cellular. He is the founder member of ISPAI and NIXI. He was recognized as the ‘Evangelist of the Year’ at the India Internet World Convention in September 2000. And in 2001, in a CNET.com poll in India, Ramaraj was voted the IT Person of the Year 2000. He was also invited by the UN Secretary-General, Kofi Annan to be a member of UN’s Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG). Presently Ramaraj is the Senior Advisor at Sequoia Capital and is a member of the Global Board of Trustees of TiE (The Indus Entrepreneurs). Ramaraj is the first Indian to be invited to the Board of Directors of ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) and has recently been reelected for the second time as Director ICANN .
Mr. Raju Vegesna, a highly respected Silicon Valley entrepreneur, began ServerWorks as a four-person company in 1994. Under Mr. Vegesna's visionary leadership, it quickly grew to a highly profitable powerhouse, dominating the market for Intel based PC Server Chipsets. In 2001, seven years after its formation, ServerWorks was acquired by Broadcom Corporation for approximately $1.8 billion. Mr. Vegesna was named the Managing Director and CEO of Sify in July 2006, and he intends to help Sify grow to become a truly global company and a leading corporate player in the 21st century high technology world.
21. 6-Nov 98 New ISP Policy announced DOT Current Secretary – Mr. R Chandrasekhar , Former Secretaries Mr.P.J.Thomas, Mr. Siddharth Behura New ISP policy announced by Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the then PM of India. 1st ISP license was issued to Sify. All over the policy was vibrant and forward looking.
Mr. Siddharth Behura, DOT Secretary has played an important role in spearheading the Indian Telecom industry into a significant position in the world telecom map. He is actively involved in various telecom initiatives like 3G BWA Auction, Mobile Number Portability, increasing the rural teledensity etc. Mr.P.J.Thomas, IAS from Kerala cadre, former Chief Secretary of Kerala and Parliamentary Affairs Secretary in Government of India. In addition to Cabinet Secretary and Foreign Secretary, several other Keralite officers or ones from Kerala cadre are heading Central Government’s key ministries such as the Ministry of Home Affairs, Urban Development Ministry, Ministry of Heavy Industries and the Ministry of Indian overseas affairs. Now holding the position of Central Vigilance Commissioner.
Mr. R Chandrasekhar, the current Secretary, Department of Telecommunications, Ministry of Communication & Information Technology, Government of India, has masterminded the conceptualization, planning and implementation of various key initiatives in the state of Andhra Pradesh in the field of Information Technology. Creation of HITEC City, formation of Indian Institute of Information Technology, and evolving a comprehensive policy framework for adoption of IT in governance was widely regarded as path breaking and became a role model for most other states. He has been associated with a wide variety of organizations like UNESCAP, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and events relating to all aspects of IT as a key resource person, speaker and consultant. Previously as the Secretary IT in the Department of Information Technology also known as father of eGovernance in India has been responsible for drawing up national policy, strategy and action plan for E-Governance and for co-ordination of national plans and programmes for Electronic Governance. He is a key driver of NeGP SWAN policy connecting state capital (SHQ) with all the Districts Head Quarter (DHQ) and subsequently, all the DHQ to be connected with Sub-division Head Quarter/Blocks (SDHQ/Block).
22. 15-Jan 98 Announced 1st ISP Policy Planning Commission Dr. Bimal Jalan Dr. Bimal Jalan was the Governor of Reserve Bank of India for two terms. The 1st ISP policy was announced on his recommendation as a member of the Planning Commission.
23. 22-May 98 IT Task Force set-up Government of India Chairman - Mr. Jaswant Singh, Co-Chairpersons - Mr. N. Chandrababu Naidu, Dr. M.G.K. Menon. Members:- Dr. N. Seshagiri, Mr.T.H. Chowdary , Mr. N. Vittal, Mr.A.V. Gokak, Mr. R. Gupta, Mr. P.G. Mankad, Mr.P.V. Indiresan, Late Mr.Dewang Mehta, Mr.N.R. Narayana Murthy, Mr.Ashok Soota, Mr.Rajendra Pawar, Mr.Y.S. Rajan, Mr.Ravi Parthasarathy, Mr.Anil Bakht, Mr.Sudheendra Kulkarni Objective of setting up the IT task force - i) Info-Infrastructure Drive: Accelerate the drive for setting up a World class Info Infrastructure with an extensive spread of Fiber Optic Networks, Satcom Networks and Wireless Networks for seamlessly interconnecting the Local Informatics Infrastructure (LII), National Informatics Infrastructure (NII) and the Global Informatics Infrastructure (GII) to ensure a fast nation-wide onset of the INTERNET, EXTRANETs and INTRANETs. ii) Target ITEX - 50: With a potential 2 trillion dollar Global IT industry by the year 2008, policy ambiance will be created for the Indian IT industry to target for a $50 billion annual export of IT Software and IT Services (including IT-enabled services) by this year, over a commensurately large domestic IT market spread all over the country. iii) IT for all by 2008: Accelerate the rate of PC/set-top-box penetration in the country from the 1998 level of one per 500 to one per 50 people along with a universal access to Internet/Extranets/Intranets by the year 2008, with a flood of IT applications encompassing every walk of economic and social life of the country.
24. 1-Jan 97 Regulatory Body of Telecom got established TRAI 1st Chairman - Justice S.S. Sodhi followed by Mr. M. S. Verma, Mr. Pradip Baijal, Mr. Nirpendra Misra & currently Dr. J.S. Sarma Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of India or TRAI (established in 1997) is an independent regulatory body established by the Government of India to regulate the telecommunications business in India. Dr. J.S. Sarma, Chairman TRAI, who has been a former Telecom Secretary and a Member of the Telecom Disputes Settlement Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT), has played a vital role in bridging the digital divide. He feels that telecom systems are pivotal to the development of an economy. The developments in the telecommunications sector have multiplier effects on country's economy and its contribution to national GDP. Mr N. PARAMESWARAN, the current Principal Advisor of Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), has played a prominent role for promoting Internet Industry in the initial years as responsible for licensing in DOT.
25. Mar-88 Internet Development C DAC Mr. S. Ramakrishnan C DAC - Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, is primarily a R&D institution involved in designing, development and deployment of advanced Information Technology based solutions. Any Type Font can be converted to a Dynamic Font & PFR (Portable Font Resource) and EOT (Embedded Open Type) can co-exist on a single website. Mr. S. Ramakrishnan, founder Project Director of ERNET, Director of National Centre for Software Technology and Head, Education, Research & Technology and Founder Director of Media Lab Asia is currently the Director General & a pioneer in High Performance Computing /Super Computing field in India (India's first Super Computer PARAM 8000 in 1991-1992, the latest being PARAM Padma, a teraflop machine).
26. 1995 More on Portal Properties NetCore - Founder, MD. Founder and CEO, IndiaWorld Mr. Rajesh Jain Mr. Rajesh Jain had found India World Communications in the year 1994. From its pioneering start, India World grew to be one of the largest collections of websites in India - comprising of Khel.com, Khoj.com, Samachar.com and Bawarchi.com & IndiaWorld. Finally, it was sold to Sify Ltd.- the Highest Portal sales deal of that era in India.
27. 17-Jun 95 India's leading portal started Rediff.com Mr. Ajit Balakrishnan Mr. Ajit Balakrishnan is the Chairman of Rediff.com, India's largest Internet portal. It is listed on Nasdaq (REDF) since 2000. Also, he serves on the Executive Committee of Nasscom as well as the Government Committee reviewing the Indian Information Technology Act. He also co-chairs the Confederation of Indian Industry Task Force on eCommerce.
28. 15-Aug 95 Internet Services commenced in 6 cities of India VSNL Mr. B K Syngal Mr. B K Syngal was the Chairman and Managing Director (1991-98) of VSNL Ltd. VSNL was later bought over by TATAs & Mr. Ratan N Tata is the Chairman of Tata Sons, the holding company of the Tata Group.
29. 20-Jun 95 Set-up of ISPAI ISPAI Presidents - Mr. Rajeev Arora - Mr. R Ramaraj - Mr. Siddarth Roy - Mr. Amitab Singhal & Currently - Mr. Rajesh Chharia. Secretaries - Mr. A Raja Kumar, Mr. Deepak Maheshwari, Col. R S Parhar, Mr. Naresh Ajwani The Internet Service Providers Association of India (ISPAI) was set up in 1998 with the mission to 'Promote Internet for the benefit of all'. ISPAI is the collective voice of the ISP fraternity and by extension, the entire Internet community. In the last 10 years of its existence, it has been party to breaking down of the monopolistic structures in telecom, bringing down barriers to entry for ISPs. It helped shape India from being a bandwidth-hungry to a bandwidth - managed country. It was the competitive spirit of the ISP members of ISPAI that Internet access became so widely and cost effectively available to our countrymen. Mr. Rajesh Chharia has been elected ISPAI President consecutively since 2006. He has also played a major role in creating National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI); and is presently one of the Directors. From the platform of ISPAI and NIXI, he raised a lot of developmental issues for the Internet Industry and got the same solved, resulting in the growth of Industry. Further, he is looking keenly for development of Broadband and telephony in rural parts of India, which comparises of 70% of the total population of India.
30. Mid 90s Internet Users Community of India (IUCI) Founders Mr. Shammi Kapoor & Mr. Vijay Mukhi Mr. Shammi Kapoor, the famous Indian Actor of Bollywood and brother of the legendry Actor late Mr. Raj Kapoor, is the Founder and Chairman of Internet Users Community of India (IUCI) and has been instrumental in setting up internet organizations like the Ethical Hackers Association etc. Inspired by his famous Hindi movie song “Yahoo", Jerry Yang named his portal. Mr. Vijay Mukhi, another founder of IUCI, is one of the pioneers of the Indian IT Industry. He has authored more than 80 technical and non-technical books.
31. 1986 One of the 1st Networks in India ERNET Mr. N. Mohanram & Dr. Gulshan Rai ERNET, the National Academic and Research Network, brought Internet working into the country during 1986 as a collaborative effort with five IIT's, IISc, erstwhile NCST and DIT. Over 800 institutions and 100,000 users were connected by 1996 before the initiative led to a society, ERNET India that was rated as one of the most successful UNDP projects in the world. Another Prominent name associated with Ernet is that of Dr. Gulshan Rai. Dr. Rai was Executive Director ERNET, and is now responsible for the R & D in Convergence , Communication & Broadband Technologies group and Cyber Laws - Formulation & Enforcement Division.
32. 2007-2009 Executive Council Member in APNIC APNIC Mr. Kusumba Sridhar Mr. Kusumba Sridhar is the first Indian and only south east Asian to be elected to the APNIC Board. He is the president and managing director of Vebtel Obconic Internet Protocol Private Limited, a Hyderabad - based ISP and Internet Telephony Service Provider.
33. 1995 Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI) Director General Mr. T. R. Dua Objectives of COAI - To improve standards and competitiveness in the Cellular Industry and attain the status of world class infrastructure. To facilitate affordable mobile telephony services for Indians. To assist relevant authorities by providing them information about the industry to help them formulate suitable policies for the industry's growth. To maintain and upgrade services in terms of speech transmission, access, coverage, security etc, to enable expansion of cellular services. To help address problems of cellular operators relating to operational, regulatory, financial, or licensing through interaction with the Ministry of Communications & IT, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Commerce, Department of telecommunications, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, Financial Institutions etc.
34. 21-Jun 05- 2009 Hotmail Co founder
Mr. Sabeer Bhatia Mr. Sabeer Bhatia is founder of hotmail.com which he sold to Microsoft and started another website, Arzoo Inc, which was shut down when the dot-com bubble burst. In 2006, he relaunched Arzoo as a travel portal November 2007. He also released an online office alternative to Microsoft Office, called Live Documents.
35. 1986 Beginning of Telecom Revolution C-DOT
Telecom R&D Organization
Dr. Sam Pitroda Dr. Sam Pitroda, present Chairman of India's National Knowledge Commission, is widely considered to have been responsible for India's Communication Revolution specifically, the ubiquitous, yellow-signed Public Call Offices (PCO) that quickly brought cheap and easy domestic and international public telephones all over the country. Holding many key technology patents, he has been involved in several start-ups, and lectures extensively around the world on management, governance and implications of communications and information technology. In 1984, Mr. Pitroda was invited to return to India by the then Prime Minister Mrs. Gandhi; on his return he was made responsible for the Center for Development of Telematics (C-DOT) as an autonomous telecom R&D organization. In 1987, he became advisor to Mrs. Gandhi's successor, Rajiv Gandhi and was responsible for shaping India's foreign and domestic telecommunications policies.
36. 2007-2010 eServices Mr. N. Ravi Shanker Mr. N. Ravi Shanker is the Joint Secretary, Department of Information Technology (DIT), Government of India and Chief Executive Officer of National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) with effect from 6th September, 2007.

He has played vitel role in spreading e-Learning, e-Infrastructure and Internet Governance in India - Various projects are going on under his guidance - CCAOI - Project Gyan (Internet education in vernacular language), IAMAI - safe surfing campaign and Internet Awareness Programs viz E-NGOS, Digital Panchyats, Content Exchange Platform and Gyanpedia.in.

The activities of NIXI are:
NIXI is the sole neutral Internet exchange for ISPs in India. It has in all 7 exchange points in the country – Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad; with traffic of approximately over 7.5 Gbps. Operating the .IN Registry (IDNccTLD) in India. The .IN Registry has over 5,80,000 domain names registry as on date. NIXI plans to operate the National Internet Registry (NIR) in India and has been granted in principle approval for the same.

Mr. N. Ravi Shanker is a Member of the Indian Administrative Service with nearly 30 years of experience in Public Administration and Public Policy Management. He graduated in 1977 with a Bachelor in Engineering (Electrical & Electronics Engineering) from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.

He is the Country Representative on the Multi-stakeholder Advisory Group (MAG) of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF). He coordinated the hosting of the 3rd IGF at Hyderabad in December, 2008.

He is the Country Representative of the Government Advisory Committee (GAC) of ICANN with effect from September, 2007. He coordinated the organizing of the ICANN's 31st International Public Meeting in New Delhi in February, 2008.